In Bavaria there have been two more deaths this year due to a new dangerous virus. According to scientists, the number of unreported cases could be higher.
- For a long time Bornash disease was only known from farm animals.
- But people also get sick – the infection is almost always fatal.
- The Free State is particularly affected.
Regensburg * – It was long Bornash disease known only from farm animals. But evidence since 2018 confirms: The virus is also responsible for humans in Germany Deaths. This year more have been added.
Borna virus: Two more deaths in Bavaria after encephalitis
Two more people are in this year Bayern from an infection with so-called classic Borna viruses died. “The LGL Two more deaths were reported for 2020 in connection with a BoDV-1 infection. ”This was announced by the Bavarian State Office for Health and Food Safety (LGL) to the German Press Agency.
Borna virus in Bavaria: infection triggers encephalitis – and almost always ends fatally
In the summer the Bavarian Ministry of Health a central point for research into the classic Borna viruses (BoDV-1) was set up, the project „Borna Focal Point Bayern“. Classic Borna viruses solve one Encephalitis out. This ends fatally in almost all cases. On average, two infections are known in Germany each year. However, scientists believe that the Dark figure higher – up to six cases. A focus of the infections is in Bavaria.
“We don’t know why this is so,” says doctor and epidemiologist Kirsten Pörtner from the Robert Koch Institute * (RKI). “It is possible that people in Bavaria are now looking more closely and are more likely to test for the virus in the case of a brain inflammation for an unknown cause. But it is also possible that the Field shrew behaves differently in Bavaria than in Saxony-Anhalt. ”For one presented on Tuesday study She had asked the relatives of eight patients who had died from the virus about the dangerous virus. The result: everyone lived in the country. Seven had one Cat.
Borna virus in Bavaria: field shrew as host of the pathogen
The only known reservoir host of the pathogen is the field shrew (Crocidura leucodon), in which the infection is not severe Symptoms caused. The shrews excrete the virus in urine, feces and saliva – this can then infect other mammals and, in rare cases, humans. “Possibly bring Cats their owners came into contact with shrews and the virus through their hunting behavior – the cats themselves were inconspicuous. “
At the beginning of 2020, a study by the Friedrich Loeffler Institute (FLI) and the University of Regensburg * published in the specialist magazine “The Lancet Infectious Diseases” revealed that far more people had died of infection with the classic Borna virus in recent years are known as previously.
Brain inflammation: Very rare Borna virus: Two more deaths in Bavaria in 2020 https://t.co/cyQJqpKwFB
— stern (@sternde) November 25, 2020
Borna virus detected: extent of the virus still unknown
The pathogen died in stored brain samples in Bavaria Patient has been proven, researchers reported. A total of at least 14 people verifiably died of encephalitis caused by the classic Borna virus between 1995 and 2019. To what extent the virus could be behind brain infections with unknown cause is still unclear.
It has been known for much longer that farm animals such as horses and sheep can become infected with Bornash disease and die from it. BoDV-1 occurs in Germany in Bavaria, Thuringia, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony and bordering parts of neighboring federal states. There are also cases of Bornasch’s disease in animals in parts of Austria, Switzerland and Liechtenstein. (kam / dpa) * Merkur.de is part of the nationwide Ippen digital editorial network.
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