The background to the regulation are cases such as manipulated defeat devices with hundreds of thousands of victims. Each individual has little chance for himself – if only because he may lack the resources for a legal dispute against large companies. It looks different when consumers can join forces and sue together. Therefore, in 2018, the EU Commission proposed that collective actions be adopted across Europe
According to the Commission, collective redress already exists in 19 Member States, including Germany. With the new EU rules, consumers no longer have to sue for damages individually. They can also enforce their rights in other EU countries in the future.