In order to avoid widespread layoffs in the Corona crisis, the instrument of short-time work was introduced. Two industries in particular are now making increasing use of the opportunity.
Munich – The new restrictions to contain the corona pandemic have caused short-time working in Germany to rise again according to calculations by the Ifo Institute. The share of companies with short-time work rose to 28.0 percent in November, the institute announced on Monday in Munich.
In October the share was therefore 24.8 percent. The researchers refer to their own surveys. In times of crisis, short-time work is a crucial instrument to prevent widespread layoffs of employees.
According to Ifo, hotels (62.9 to 91 percent) and gastronomy (53.4 to 71.7 percent) recorded particularly significant increases. At travel agencies and tour operators, short-time work increased from 88.0 to 91.1 percent. “Especially in these sectors, which have been massively affected by the partial lockdown, a great deal of short-time work is being implemented again,” said Ifo labor market expert Sebastian Link.
According to the researchers, the increase has occurred through almost all major economic sectors. Short-time working among service providers rose from 24.0 to 30.6 percent of companies, in retail from 18.8 to 20.7 percent, and in construction from 7.4 to 9.0 percent. In the industry, however, there was a slight decrease from 31.9 to 30.5 percent. The service sector is much more affected by the corona restrictions than industry.
Individual industries have even reported significant declines in short-time work, including the automotive industry from 50 to 36.7 percent, the publishing industry from 42 to 34.7 percent and the placement and leasing of workers from 64.2 to 52.5 percent of companies. There were also declines among manufacturers of electrical equipment, printing plants and manufacturers of data processing equipment.
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