The so-called “Village 8” was originally built by the government to relocate and compensate the people who were made homeless by the construction of a dam.
The UN must quickly ramp up capacities in Sudan
Before the war broke out in Tigray, it had fewer than a thousand inhabitants. There was a small market place, with less than ten small shops. More than 15,000 refugees already live here, according to the Sudanese camp manager. Together with UN refugee aid, they are currently rushing to massively increase capacities. The water tanks provided by Unicef and which hold 15,000 liters are already much too small.
“When they found out I was Tigray, they attacked me, wanted to kill me. The commander kept saying that there was no such thing as a good Tigray, that I had to be killed. ”A higher-ranking officer then said that he should be let go. “Someone on the way will kill me, he said.”
Shots and screams in the night
Kaflahum ran off and hid in a millet field with his two colleagues until late at night. “One of the men suddenly went mad, trembled and cried with fear and anger, and ran towards the place. I climbed a little hill to see what happened – just in time to see them kill him in front of the church. ”
He stayed in the field. They heard gunshots and screams all night. Then they made their way to Sudan.
- In “Village 8” a Tigrin man from Mai Kadra, who does not want his name published, reports to SPIEGEL that it all began in a village a few kilometers away. Tigrin formations were probably defeated there by the Ethiopian army. “When we heard about it, we took sticks, knives and axes and began killing the Amhara in Mai Kadra.” He tells it with pride. Only later, according to the man, did Amhara associations come to the city and take revenge.
A woman who also fled Mai Kadra reports to SPIEGEL that people of different ethnicities killed each other with knives.
A plantation owner who was able to flee to Sudan in a truck tells of Amhara militias who slaughtered the people. His neighbor fell victim to the violence. On the way he saw bodies lying on the roadside. Almost all people have fled. Only the old and the weak remained.
Since the communication channels to Tigray are still cut, the individual reports are difficult to verify.
Wadihailu Kaflahum, the man who was hiding in the millet field, says he couldn’t say what happened that night. They could not see anything in their hiding place and fled without going back into town. Then he smiles shyly and walks towards the unplastered huts that are now his home.
The camp keeps growing. Many of the houses in which the Ethiopians now live have no roof, windows and doors. Often more than 20 people live in a four by four meter room. At lunchtime it is up to 43 degrees Celsius and there are no trees in the part of the village where the refugees live. Sewage runs through the camp, rubbish lies around in large mountains. The smell of excrement hangs in the air. Small windpants carry sand across the paths.
Many refugees want to go to the Mediterranean Sea – and from there to Europe
Many of the refugees are therefore already looking for a way to travel on to Khartoum in order to get from there to Libya and thus to the Mediterranean. Refugees say that people smuggling is already flourishing and that the Sudanese army is involved. Others set up and help.
They help up to 500 people a day, help with malaria and parasites. Above all, however, the people need psychological help, says the doctor. Many people would have had to watch how militias slaughtered people with knives, how they raped women. And how they looted.
They couldn’t go back. “Our land is now occupied by the Amhara.” The world must help them, he says again. Because Ethiopia is falling apart.
Assistance: Ahmed Sherif