The number of armed conflicts has risen slightly this year. A total of 29 wars and armed conflicts were waged, as the Working Group on Research into the Causes of War (AKUF) at the University of Hamburg announced on Monday. That is one more armed conflict than in 2019. According to the working group, the region of the world most severely affected by fighting this year was Africa with ten wars and armed conflicts.
On the one hand, the armed conflict in the Sudanese region of Darfur has ended. On the other hand, two new wars were added: According to the information, the ceasefire between Azerbaijan and Armenia in the Nagorno-Karabakh region escalated at the end of September, and at the beginning of November another conflict in the Tigray region in northern Ethiopia turned into a war.
According to the AKUF, Africa, the most affected region of the world, was followed by North Africa, West and Central Asia and Asia with nine and eight armed conflicts respectively. In Latin America and in Europe there was a war, as the working group explained.
According to its own statements, the working group has been documenting the world’s wars since 1986. It defines war as a conflict in which at least two armed forces take part, in which there is a minimum of centrally controlled organization of the belligerents and the struggle on both sides, and both sides operate according to a planned strategy – regardless of whether the fighting takes place in one or more areas Societies take place and how long they last.