Monday, January 25, 2021
Working through history
Monument fall shows England’s deep rift
When it comes to their heroes, many Brits look very carefully. Where the bust of Winston Churchill from the Oval Office was, a BBC reporter asked the spokeswoman for the new President Joe Biden immediately after the change in power in the USA.
The World War Prime Minister is an example of a sometimes heated debate that sparked protests in the summer and is still a source of controversy, right up to the current Prime Minister and Churchill admirer Boris Johnson.
How is history conveyed – and what does this mean for a society? Since this Monday, the protests have been in focus again. In Bristol, West England, four demonstrators have to answer for property damage in court.
The y are said to have thrown the monument of a certain Edward Colston into the harbor basin on June 7, 2020. Colston was a benefactor to the city, several streets and buildings are named after him, but he was also a slave trader.
When the Black Lives Matter protests for blacks rights spilled over from the US to the UK, it wasn’t long before the Colston Memorial was ripped from its pedestal. “This statue is a slap in the face for all blacks,” one protester grumbled into the BBC cameras. Colston’s fall triggered an iconoclasm that did not stop at a statue of Churchill in front of Parliament in London.
Johnson no longer wants to be “ashamed”
The re is no doubt about Johnson’s position. “I think it is time we stopped being ashamed of our history, our traditions and our culture,” the head of government rumbled in the summer and called for “this attack of self-discrimination to be stopped”.
The question was whether at the annual concert event “Last Night of the Proms” two patriotic songs should not be played for once without singing.
“We need a debate about structural racism,” calls the sociologist Shahnaz Akhter from the University of Warwick in Coventry in an interview. Formula 1 world champion Lewis Hamilton also denounced the issue. Cambridge University sociologist Ali Meghji says black people are disadvantaged in many areas in the UK. Almost half of black children live in poverty, black women are twice as likely to be unemployed as white, and black young people are more likely to be imprisoned than white.
The government did not understand why the protests were necessary. It condemns the protesters more than the social problems they are fighting,” says Meghji. Johnson and Home Secretary Priti Patel criticized the fall of the monument in Bristol as a “criminal act”. Government Equal Opportunities Officer Liz Truss believes that debates about discrimination are too often driven by “fashionable” issues such as ethnicity. And building minister Robert Jenrick wrote in the Sunday Telegraph: “We will save Britain’s statues from the vigilant militants who want to censor our past.”
Bloody colonial history never dealt with
This attitude is also due to the fact that the sometimes bloody and racist colonial history of the United Kingdom has never been dealt with, say experts. Many British people still define themselves through the Empire.
The phenomenon is known as the “colonial hangover”. “Johnson is a very good example of colonial hangovers,” says researcher Akhter. “He’s trying to imitate Churchill and that includes Churchill’s ideas.” Johnson is an example of how British history is taught – namely, without mentioning mistakes.
The Jungle Book”). Finally, the British ambassador stepped in and called it “inappropriate” in front of the cameras.
The statue was moved to a museum, a school and an event hall were renamed.