Developing countries are hit hardest, but Germany is also among the 20 most affected countries.
When studying more than 11,000 extreme weather events since the beginning of the century, the report found nearly 480,000 deaths. Most people died in Puerto Rico, Myanmar and Haiti. But industrialized countries are also increasingly affected. With more than 10,700 fatalities, Germany is in 18th place worldwide, especially in heat waves and economic damage averaging 4.27 billion dollars per year.
In the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, wealthier countries committed to paying $ 100 billion a year to poorer countries for climate protection and adaptation. However, according to current studies, the actual payments are far lower. Poorer states, “which have contributed the least to the climate crisis, now urgently need financial and technical support,” said David Eckstein, one of the authors of the Germanwatch Climate Risk Index.
The Paris Agreement earmarked $ 50 billion annually for adaptation to the effects of climate change such as floods and droughts. However, due to an increase in weather disasters in recent years, the UN currently estimates the annual requirement at 70 billion dollars per year. However, only $ 30 billion is currently available.
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According to a UN study published in January, the demand could rise to up to 300 billion by 2030. By 2050, $ 500 billion a year could be needed to adapt to extreme weather conditions.
In the Germanwatch Climate Risk Index, eight of the ten most affected countries belong to the group of countries with low or low average income per capita. “A number of countries such as Haiti, the Philippines or Pakistan are now so often hit by extreme weather that they are barely able to recover from the individual catastrophes,” explained Vera Keunzel from Germanwatch.
Germanwatch has been compiling the Global Climate Risk Index every year since 2006 using data from the reinsurer Munich Re and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). (AFP)
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Extreme weather due climate change Germany among affected countries Panorama Gesellschaft