DEconomy and society have been waiting for this: New data from Israel indicate that people who have been vaccinated against the coronavirus with the active ingredient from Biontech / Pfizer not only protect themselves, but are also far less contagious to others. This protection of fellow human beings, which has long been unclear, enables an open perspective in lockdown, at least for this group.
And it is getting bigger every day: According to the Robert Koch Institute, 4 percent of the German population have received a first vaccination and more than 2 percent a second vaccination. That’s 3.3 and 1.8 million people. Every day 50,000 people receive the second vaccination and thus the full immunization. In addition, the new data show that the Biontech vaccine already provides a high level of protection with the first vaccination.
In view of the new, promising immunization data, the former President of the Federal Constitutional Court, Hans-Jürgen Papier, told the FAZ: “If vaccinated people are demonstrably not only protected from their own disease, but there is no risk of infection from them with a probability bordering on certainty, then there is for Restrictions of freedom to the detriment of these people are no longer justifications.
It is not about special rights, explained the Munich law professor. “It is about the lifting or loosening of sovereign restrictions on freedom, i.e. the restoration of the normal state of basic rights.” This is not opposed by the idea of maintaining social peace, “especially since this forced solidarity would be of no benefit to the unvaccinated people ”. The paper pointed out that within the scope of infection protection, differentiations were already being made and not objected to.
The industries affected by the pandemic have high hopes for the new development. “ The debate about giving back their freedoms and fundamental rights to vaccinated people is to be welcomed,” said Ingrid Hartges, General Manager of the German Hotel and Restaurant Association Dehoga, of the FAZ. “If it is clear that all vaccines have the effect of Biontech and there is no risk of infection for vaccinated people that would be a big step forward. ”
It is all the more important that all people who want to be vaccinated can do so now: “Together with a clever and comprehensive test strategy, vaccination is the most reliable way to get the pandemic under control.” Hartges described the current financial situation in the hotel and catering industry as disastrous. “No question about it, the health of the guests and employees has priority. However, it is the task of politics to actively do everything possible to ensure that the lockdown does not last a day longer than is absolutely necessary. ”
Hotels and restaurants feel well prepared with a data protection concept
The Dehoga boss made it clear that the hotel and catering industry now have a lot of experience with data protection compliant registration. “If the legal requirements are met, the entrepreneurs could then also check the vaccination certificate,” she said. “We are prepared for it.”
Hartges made it clear, however, that there should be no discrimination against non-vaccinated people. The preference for individual groups is at least legally controversial as long as not everyone has the chance of vaccination. “That is why we generally have to speed up vaccination – for everyone – and thus increase the vaccination rate significantly and quickly.”
The managing director of the German Tourism Association (DTV), Norbert Kunz, asked the FAZ: “For vaccinated people, if they can no longer infect others, the basic rights must apply again. That has nothing to do with privileges. ”In order to reopen tourism to everyone, apart from significant progress in vaccination, stable, low incidence values are required. The DTV has therefore developed a “restart strategy” that provides for opening perspectives for tourism below an incidence of 50.
In Israel, a green passport signals a successful vaccination
The model for the partial opening could be Israel, where vaccinated people have recently been given a “green passport”. With this they can visit gyms or hotels again. For business in Germany, the easing perspective is also important. “Every day that we could open earlier would be a good day for retailers that are fighting for survival,” said the chief executive of the HDE retail association, Stefan Genth, of the FAZ. “Retailers should be able to be back for all their customers as soon as possible – with or without a ‘green passport’. ”
Genth attaches importance to the fact that the trade is “not a source of infection” anyway. “Our supermarkets show this a million times a day, with many contacts and without any abnormalities in terms of infections.” Even in the retail branches that are currently closed, there were no major infections before the lockdown.
The German Travel Association (DRV) pointed out the European dimension of opening up to vaccinated people. “A digital vaccination certificate makes sense in an increasingly digitized world with global mobility,” said DRV President Norbert Fiebig of the FAZ. It would be desirable for the EU to deal with it at an early stage: “A corresponding document would make possible controls on very many Make jobs easier. ”
Fiebig also made it clear: “Freedom to travel is not a privilege to be granted politically, but a basic right.” For travelers, it is nothing new that certain states make entry conditional, “possibly with proof of various vaccinations”. However, the question of relaxation for immunized patients is still “very theoretical”, since not all people who want to be vaccinated can also be vaccinated.