Tuesday, February 23, 2021
Europe’s answer to New Zealand
How Iceland is successfully fighting against Corona
The island benefits not only from its remote location high up in the North Atlantic. Strict rules and the “Trinity” also play a role.
Iceland is Europe’s answer to New Zealand, and recently it’s not only for its green landscapes and natural wonders. Like New Zealanders on the other side of the world, Icelanders have come to grips with the coronavirus pandemic more than few other countries.
The fact that the Viking people, with their low number of new infections, is currently the undisputed best of their class in Europe, is partly due to the isolated situation – as is the case with the Kiwis in Down Under – but also to a stringent strategy.
The Icelandic route with comprehensive corona tests and test results within a few hours, consistent contact tracing and strict quarantine and isolation rules may have shown better results than the strict measures in other countries. “That is the key to our success: the easy access to tests for people, the tracking of infections and the scientific approach,” says the head of government.
This strategy is reflected in extremely low numbers of new infections. After peaking in mid-October, the values fell rapidly. Apart from a few positive tests by travelers after their arrival, Iceland had recently experienced six days in a row without a domestic Corona case.
With just 6.59 new infections per 100,000 inhabitants in the first two weeks of February, Iceland is unmatched in the comparative figures of the EU health authority ECDC. Even the other northern Europeans Norway (66), Finland (88) and Denmark (100) – behind Iceland, the countries with the lowest numbers in the European Economic Area – are many times higher. Iceland’s coronavirus-related deaths in the period: zero.
Loneliness, strict measures, trust
Now it can be said that Iceland, with its isolated location in the North Atlantic, has a clear advantage and can only be compared with larger countries to a limited extent – after all, the island has only 360,000 inhabitants and thus about as many as Bochum or Wuppertal.
The success is based not only on the location and size of the country, but also on the strict procedure, tests, contact tracing and a high degree of trust of the population in their experts.
It goes without saying that border controls are much easier for Iceland than for others: Germany borders on nine countries and has several international airports; Iceland can be reached almost exclusively via Keflavik Airport near Reykjavik. Anyone entering the country has had to submit a negative PCR test that is no more than 72 hours old since Friday.
The quarantine is already an important component of the Icelandic corona strategy: Without exception, everyone who has had contact with an infected person has to endure it. For comparison: So far, around 6,000 people in Iceland have tested positive for the corona virus – but just under 46,000 were temporarily in quarantine.
And then there is the trust in the experts. Chief epidemiologist Thórólfur Gudnason, civil defense director Vidir Reynisson and health director Alma Möller are often referred to as the “Trinity” – and despite the strict restrictions on public life, most Icelanders have followed their guidelines. For this they were rewarded with certain relaxations: bars were allowed to reopen this month, training in the gym is allowed again.
The maximum number of visitors to cinemas, theaters, museums, concerts and religious events has been increased from 100 to 150.
“Don’t think the virus is gone”
Despite the good situation, epidemiologist Gudnason emphasizes that further easing must take place slowly and carefully. “I don’t think the virus went away in Iceland. I’m worried that it might be hiding somewhere,” he said at the recent press conference. He initially left open what the further easing would look like. Just this: “
The entry requirements are meanwhile a means for Iceland to achieve an important balancing act for the tourism industry: to let vacationers back into the country, but not new drivers of infection. One step in this direction is that travelers can free themselves from testing and quarantine if they can prove a corona infection or vaccination against Covid-19.
The tourism sector, which is so important for Iceland, experienced a drastic slump in 2020: the number of foreign holidaymakers fell by 76 percent to below 500,000. Will things look up again in 2021? “In the long run, I’m optimistic. We expect a certain number of tourists, but we don’t know if that will happen,” says Prime Minister Jakobsdóttir. Ultimately, it depends on how fast the vaccinations are going in Iceland and in other countries.
The industry understands that tourism in Iceland cannot continue without restriction from now on. “It’s not about ‘the sooner the better'”, says Sigrídur Dögg Gudmundsdóttir, head of the state tourism authority Visit Iceland. “It’s about ‘the safer the better'”.