The living space per capita in Germany has risen steadily over the past few years: by 34 percent since 1990. On average, an apartment in Germany is 100 square meters.
But not all benefit from larger apartments. In the case of rental apartments, the average living space has stagnated since the start of the real estate boom in 2010. In the case of owners, however, it has increased further. This emerges from a short report by the Institute for the German Economy (IW) Cologne, which was published this Monday.
The highlight: With a computer from IW, anyone can now see how large their own apartment is in comparison with a few clicks.
The curve on the left represents the total population: from small apartments (below) to large apartments (above). Where the curve rises, the number of people with this apartment size increases.
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The user can locate himself in the graphic and see how many people have more and less living space available. From a living space of 41 square meters per capita one belongs to the top 50 percent, from 83 square meters to the top ten percent.
On the right-hand side of the graphic, the distribution of pensioners is shown in the initial state. Pensioners have significantly more living space available per capita: from 60 square meters you belong to the top 50 percent of this group, from 110 square meters to the top ten percent.
Take the test here:
The tool allows on the one hand to compare the living space per person and on the other hand to compare the living space of a household overall.
The housing market in Germany has changed steadily over the past few years.
- More single-person households: According to IW data, the proportion of single-person households in Germany increased from 34 to 42 percent between 1990 and 2018.
The average living space for single people is 65 square meters per head. At the other extreme are large households with five or more people with an average living space of 22 square meters. However, a maximum of two people live in three quarters of all households. Households with three or more people have lost their relevance for the housing market.
- Tenants live more cramped than owners: Homeowners live on average in apartments of 125 square meters, tenants on 75 square meters – per capita it is 48 square meters for owners and 35 for tenants. Only 23 percent of tenants live in apartments that are larger than 100 square meters with the owners the ratio is almost reversed.
- Increasing share of tenants with only one living space: According to IW, the proportion of tenants who have less than one living space available increased again significantly in the past year, after having previously declined continuously.
- Owned households age more: In 2018, more than 40 percent of owner households were older than 65 years – in 2000 it was only 27 percent.
The proportion of people under 45 has halved in the same period and is now only 15 percent.
- Education level hardly affects: On the other hand, the differences between the educational levels are relatively small. People with a university degree and a secondary school certificate with a per capita living space of 50 square meters are even on par.
The majority of people in Germany rent their homes. In metropolitan areas in particular, it is difficult to get affordable housing. This Tuesday, Federal Building Minister Horst Seehofer (CSU) wants to take stock of the federal government’s housing offensive.
More: Affordable housing: four reasons why the GroKo’s housing policy failed.
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lives big interactive graphic Cologne