EU countries for increased controls on vaccine exports


Dhe EU wants to better control the export of corona vaccines to third countries. But it holds back with general export bans. The EU heads of state and government agreed on this line at their video conference on Thursday. The manufacturers would have to keep their delivery promises and increase production significantly in the second quarter, demanded Council President Charles Michel after the consultations.

Thomas Gutschker

Political correspondent for the European Union, NATO and the Benelux countries based in Brussels.

Werner Mussler

EU Commission President Ursula von der Leyen reported that 41.6 million cans had been delivered from the EU to non-EU countries since February, of which 10 million had gone to Great Britain. A total of 77 million cans have been exported since the beginning of December. Of these, 31 million were made available for the Covax global aid program, which is intended to help vaccinate swiftly in poor countries. In contrast, 88 million doses were shipped to the EU and 62 million were vaccinated. 18.2 million people, that is 4.1 percent of the EU population, have now received two doses of vaccine. The Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz complained that the EU had not received any vaccination doses from third countries.

Mystery of vaccination doses found in Italy solved

This ratio shows that the EU must pay more attention than before to its “fair share” of the vaccine, said von der Leyen. It therefore wants to control the vaccine export more precisely and create more transparency about it, but by no means induce a general vaccine export ban. The EU Commission tightened the applicable regulations on Wednesday. Michel and Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) assured von der Leyen of their support.

After the deliberations, Von der Leyen made it clear that the riddle about the vaccination doses found in an Italian bottling plant in Astra-Zeneca (AZ) had been resolved for them. According to AZ information, 13 million of the 29 million doses in question are intended for the Covax vaccination program. The EU strongly supports this project, said the head of the Commission. AZ wants to deliver the remaining 16 million cans to the EU. However, she expects this to happen as soon as possible.

Despite the ongoing delivery problems at Astra-Zeneca, von der Leyen was optimistic that the EU would receive considerably more vaccine in the second quarter than before. After a total of 100 million cans in the first quarter, she expects a further 360 million cans by the end of June. 200 million should come from Biontech-Pfizer, 35 million from Moderna and 55 million from the American manufacturer Johnson & Johnson. A further 70 million cans are expected from AZ in the second quarter, not 180 million as originally promised.

The deliberations were overshadowed by a dispute initiated by the Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz and the Croatian Prime Minister Andrej Plenković about the EU-internal distribution of vaccines. Kurz once again complained that some poorer countries received below-average supplies. He and Plenković called for a “compensation mechanism” to remedy this situation. Most of the counterparts recognized that the poorer countries needed help, but also refused to give Austria more vaccines. In the end, the “bosses” agreed on a compromise formula, according to which the vaccine delivered to the EU should be distributed unchanged to the member states according to the number of inhabitants. However, when distributing 10 million vaccine doses from Biontech-Pfizer, which the EU Commission also organized for the second quarter, the “speed of distribution” should be given special consideration. The EU ambassadors should now clarify the details.

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Chancellor Angela Merkel confirmed at her press conference after the deliberations that Germany would soon classify France as a high incidence area. As the FAZ had previously reported, such a decision is expected by the responsible Robert Koch Institute on Friday. This is an “almost automated process”, said Merkel, it is not a matter of “political declarations of intent”. “If the incidences – in this case over 200 – are sustainable, then the classification as a risk area takes place.” That does not mean the introduction of border controls, but of mandatory testing. In the Moselle department, which was classified as a virus variant area at the end of February, there are already well-established procedures. Specifically, the classification of the whole of France as a high incidence area means that when entering Germany from there, a negative PCR test that is not older than 48 hours must be presented.

At the end of the nearly nine-hour video conference, American President Joe Biden joined in. As Commission President Ursula von der Leyen subsequently reported, he addressed four areas of cooperation: overcoming the climate crisis, coping with climate change, creating new jobs and the standing together of democracies to defend human rights and human dignity. In this context, Biden particularly spoke of the challenge posed by China.

Merkel then said that in relation to China it was also about “European sovereignty”. America has a common set of values, but everyone has their own interests. “We have known for a long time that China is a system competitor, but of course we also have to look at how we can bring values ​​and interests together,” said the Chancellor. There will be a lot in common with America, “but no identity”. The exchange with Biden is to be continued when the American president comes to Europe for the G7 meeting in mid-June. Then a meeting is also planned in Brussels, within the framework of NATO, possibly with the participation of the EU states that are not part of the alliance.

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countries increased controls vaccine exports


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