Is the risk of side effects increased? | Health city Berlin


      <b>The COVID-19 vaccination is particularly recommended for older people and those with certain pre-existing conditions.  However, it is often precisely these people who are afraid of negative consequences of vaccination.  Wrongly, say experts - at least if certain basic rules are observed. </b>

          <p>While some long for the vaccination, others are skeptical and are afraid of side effects.  Some even fear that an mRNA vaccine could affect their own genome.  People who are ill in particular have concerns - especially those who should get vaccinated to avoid severe COVID-19 courses.

For uncertainty caused z. B. a report on the Internet that the safety and effectiveness of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in rheumatism patients has not been adequately proven. The German Society for Rheumatology (DGRh) turned against it. She expressly recommends the COVID-19 vaccination for people with inflammatory rheumatic diseases. Rheumatism patients should not be unsettled by misinformation on the Internet and even from official bodies, according to the specialist society.

          <h2>Vaccination also recommended for heart and sepsis patients</h2>

Heart patients are also often unsure whether they can be vaccinated. However, they in particular belong to the risk groups for severe COVID-19 courses and should therefore be vaccinated, according to experts. Patients who have to take blood thinners such as Marcumar due to a heart disease can also be vaccinated against the coronavirus. However, the vaccination must then be given intramuscularly.

The concern of some former sepsis patients that their immune system could overreact to the COVID-19 vaccination is also unfounded. The Sepsis Foundation said in a recently published announcement. In principle, vaccinations are possible two to four weeks after an acute sepsis, according to the chairman of the foundation, Prof. Dr. Konrad Reinhart. “There are still no specific findings on the effects and consequences of the COVID-19 vaccination after sepsis. However, from experience with other vaccinations, it cannot be concluded that there is a particularly increased risk here, ”says Reinhart. The opposite is the case: Former sepsis patients should definitely get vaccinated because they are more prone to developing sepsis a second time.

          <h2>Cancer is not a contraindication to COVID-19 vaccination</h2>

But what about cancer patients? The German Society for Hematology and Oncology (DGHO) has issued recommendations for them. Accordingly, neither cancer nor systemic cancer therapy represent a contraindication to any of the previously approved COVID-19 vaccinations. In general, however, the effectiveness of the vaccination in immunocompromised cancer patients could be limited. Therefore, the decision as to whether a COVID-19 vaccination should be carried out must always be made jointly by the doctor and patient.

          <h2>Should pregnant women get vaccinated? </h2>

For pregnant women, the data is not yet entirely clear. According to a recommendation by the German Society for Perinatal Medicine (DGPM) and other experts, pregnant women can be vaccinated against COVID-19. However, as long-term studies are not yet available, the individual benefits and risks should be weighed carefully.

The Standing Vaccination Commission (STIKO) also emphasizes that vaccination of pregnant women should not be completely ruled out: “Pregnant women with previous illnesses and a resulting high risk of severe Covid-19 disease can, in individual cases, after the risk-benefit assessment and after more detailed A vaccination will be offered. ”

          <h2>Side effects usually mild and temporary</h2>

According to the manufacturers, typical vaccine reactions are to be expected as side effects with all vaccines, but they do not have to occur in everyone and quickly subside. These include pain at the injection site, temporary tiredness, fever, or headache and muscle pain. These side effects indicate that the immune system is working.

Allergic reactions, including anaphylactic shock, are rare but possible. This reaction can occur a few minutes after vaccination, but is usually only seen in people who have been known to have a predisposition to severe allergic reactions. So anyone who knows that they are prone to severe allergic reactions should only get vaccinated under close medical supervision.

      <p style="font-size: 10px; ">Photo: Adobe Stock / Konstantin Yuganov</p>


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